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Oath of Coonan Cross

Finally the St. Thomas Christians assembled in front of a church in Mattancherri and took an oath that "Hereafter we shall not allow the Portuguese to rule over our Church". The assemblage wanted to take the oath with their hands resting on the cross in front of the church, but all the people gathered there could not do so. It was then ingeniously suggested that a long rope be tied to it and all those holding the rope and taking the oath would be deemed to have taken the oath with their hands on the cross.

Kunjali Marakkar

As early as in 642 A.D. a party of Muslims under the leadership of Malik Ihn Dinar arrived in Kodungallur. They were welcomed by the Raja and several trade and religious concessions were extended to them. They were permitted to build mosques and convert people to Islam. Soon mosques were established in various places in Keralam from Quilon in the South to Pazhayangati, Panthalayani, Dharmatam, Srikantapuram, Kasargode etc. in the north.


The Visual here depicts a scene when at the last 'Mamankam celebration a lone Chavakar, (member of a suicide squad) penetrated the security forces of the Samoothiri and aimed a blow at him at close quarters. The blade of the flashing sword hit the hanging lamp and was deflected and the Samoothiri was saved; in a trice his guards slew the Chavakar. Celebration of the Mamankam festival continued in varying degrees of pomp and splendour until 1765. After the Samoothiri lost his independence and power to the British forces the celebration of Mamankam seems to have died a natural death.

Senguthuvan & Ilango Venmal

The Cheras held sway over the central part of Keralam in the early centuries after Christ and they ruled from Thiruvanchikkulam1.The most renowned of them was Kadalpirakottiya Vel Kehl Kuttuvan, the Senguttuvan or the Red Chera. After consolidating his conquests that valiant warrior — portrayed here in his chambers with Queen Ilango Venmal —gave considerable attention to the promotion of agriculture and foreign trade. He also had the reputation of being a noted patron of arts. The king sought the advice of his ministers and also heard complaints of people in person.

 The Cheras had strong and powerful armies and navies, and were held in high esteem for their martial spirit and valour in combat. Succession those days was based on the patrilineal system.

Housed in a circular domed building, the Museum of Kerala History is a sound and light spectacle. It works on a time frame, portraying the history of Kerala from early inhabitants to the modern era. Here one would come 38 life-size tableaux, each backed by multiple visuals, reflecting the cultural and social history of Kerala. This presentation is considered as the first of  its kind in India.